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Faculty Profiles

Dr. Daniel Block

Daniel Block, D.Phil.

Gunther H. Knoedler Professor Emeritus of Old Testament

On Faculty since 2005; retired January 1, 2017



daniel.block@wheaton.edu

My interest in the Hebrew Bible (First Testament, which Christians usually call “the Old Testament”) was sparked by the ministry of a pastor during my days as a student at the University of Saskatchewan. Rev. Henry Harder had left a seminary professorship in Old Testament (his expression) in California to pastor our church of about 300 members in northern Saskatchewan. As God’s instrument, he inspired me to devote my life to the study of the Scriptures for the glory of God, for the building up of his church, and for the advance of biblical knowledge. For the past thirty years, I have had the supreme delight of sharing the word of God with students in four institutions, seeking to challenge them to fulfill in their own lives the motto of Wheaton College: “For Christ and His Kingdom.” It has been a special joy to watch as young biblical scholars, who often took introductory courses in the First Testament only because they were required to do so by the curriculum, suddenly awaken to the fact that the First Testament is understandable and that its message is both life-giving and relevant to for everyday life, even in the 21st century.

The paradigm for my own research and ministry was set by Ezra, as described in Ezra 7:10: “He committed himself to the study the Torah of Yahweh, to put it into practice, and to teach his revealed will in Israel.” This statement requires us constantly to ask serious questions of the Scriptures: What does the text say? Why does the text say it like that? What did the text mean to the original audience? What does the text have to say to me today? To answer these questions we need to understand both the worlds out of which the biblical texts arose and the worlds in which we moderns live.

Although both Ellen (my wife) and I were nurtured in the faith in a Mennonite Brethren context, for the last five decades we have had the joy of fellowship and ministry in Evangelical Free, Plymouth Brethren, Anglican, Baptist General Conference, Evangelical Covenant, Southern Baptist, and independent congregations, most recently College Church in Wheaton, Illinois. Everywhere we have been inspired by people who are hungry for the life-giving word of God, eager to serve him, and serious about integrating their faith with their daily lives. It has been a high honor in the last chapter of my official scholarly career to work with the faculty of Wheaton College in training young people for this very purpose.

In addition to speaking in churches, teaching in formal classroom situations, and mentoring students who were pursuing Masters and Doctoral degrees, we have had the delight of preaching and teaching in many churches around the world. In north American contexts, I have found weekend seminars on such topics as “Recovering a Biblical Theology of Worship,” “Resurrecting the First Testament,” and “Rediscovering the Gospel according to Moses” to be particularly satisfying. From the time we first met, Ellen and I have also been concerned about the broader world. In recent years I have had the privilege of lecturing and preaching in England, Russia, Denmark, China, Greece, Singapore, Hong Kong, Kenya, Australia, and of course, Canada, the land of our births.

However, our lives have involved more than research, writing, teaching, and preaching. When I have needed a break from my studies or the pressures of teaching, I have found my greatest joys in visiting our children and grandchildren in British Columbia, Germany, and wherever else they have lived. And yes, having grown up on a farm in northern Saskatchewan—where it was always “all hands on deck”—I have also found considerable satisfaction in home improvement projects. But nothing is more therapeutic than gardening, creating a miniature paradise in the little corner of the world in which we live. Having been placed on God’s good earth to represent him and tend his creation for its well-being and for his glory, this too is an expression of worship and devotion to God.

Doctor of Philosophy, Semitics: Classical Hebrew (1982)
School of Archaeology and Oriental Studies

University of Liverpool (Liverpool, United Kingdom)

Dissertation:    “The Foundations of National Identity: A Study in Ancient Northwest Semitic Perceptions”

Mentor: Alan R. Millard, Rankin Professor of Hebrew & Ancient Semitic Languages

 

Master of Arts in Biblical Studies (Old Testament) (1973)

Trinity Evangelical Divinity School (Deerfield, Illinois, USA)

Thesis: “An Historical Analysis of the Worship of Baal in Israel”

Mentors: Walter C. Kaiser and Thomas E. McComiskey

 

Bachelor of Arts (History/German) (1969)

University of Saskatchewan (Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada)

 

Foreign Studies (1968–1969)

Friedrich Alexander University (Erlangen, Germany)

 

Bachelor of Education (General Education) (1968)

University of Saskatchewan (Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada)

 

Diploma in Biblical Studies (1965)

Bethany Bible College (Hepburn, Saskatchewan, Canada)

  • Introduction to the Old Testament
  • Old Testament Theology
  • Old Testament Ethics
  • Old Testament Book Studies: Genesis, Deuteronomy, Judges and Ruth, Job, the Wisdom Literature, Ezekiel, Amos
  • Hebrew Grammar and Exegesis
  • A Biblical Theology of Worship
  • Expository Preaching from the Old Testament
  • Homiletics
  • Society of Biblical Literature
  • Evangelical Theological Society
  • Institute for Biblical Research

My areas of interest span most of the Hebrew Bible (First Testament). After spending fourteen years on Ezekiel and four on Judges and Ruth, for the past three decades I have been listening especially to the Gospel according to Moses as set out for ancient Israel and for us in the book of Deuteronomy. In the meantime, I was also heavily involved in the production of The New Living Translation of the Bible. I pray constantly that my ministry, whether in the form of research, writing, teaching, or preaching, will have nurtured the church and brought great glory to our Triune God.

BOOKS

Covenant: The Foundation of God’s Grand Plan of Redemption (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2021).

1 & 2 Kings. Lexham Context Commentary (Bellingham, WA: Lexham, 2021).

Deuteronomy. Lexham Context Commentary (Bellingham, WA: Lexham, 2021).

Phục Truyên Luật Lệ Ký 1–11 (Grand Rapids: Harper Collins; Resource Leadership International, 2018 (Viet Namese Translation of Deuteronomy, NIVAC, vol. 1, 2018).

Phục Truyên Luật Lệ Ký 12–26 (Grand Rapids: Harper Collins; Resource Leadership International, 2018 (Viet Namese Translation of Deuteronomy, NIVAC, vol. 1, 2018).

Phục Truyên Luật Lệ Ký 27–34 (Grand Rapids: Harper Collins; Resource Leadership International, 2018 (Viet Namese Translation of Deuteronomy, NIVAC, vol. 1, 2018).

Simplified Chinese translation of Deuteronomy. NIVAC. 2 vols. Hong Kong: Chinese Bible International Press.

Traditional Chinese translation of Deuteronomy. NIVAC. 2 vols. (Hong Kong: Chinese Bible International Press, 2017).

O Evangelho Segundo Moisés: Reflexoe teológgicas e éticas no livro de Deuteronômío (São Paulo: Cultura Crista, 2017).

A Dios Sea La Glorai: Una Teologia Biblica de la Adoracion (Salem Oregon: Kerygma Publications. 2017).

The Triumph of Grace: Literary and Theological Studies in Deuteronomy and Deuteronomic Themes (Eugene, OR: Cascade, 2017).

Ruth—The King is Coming. Zondervan Exegetical Commentary on the Old Testament 8 (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2015).

For the Glory of God: Recovering a Biblical Theology of Worship (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2014).

Obadiah: The Kingship Belongs to YHWH. Hearing the Message of Scripture (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2013).

Beyond the River Chebar: Studies in Kingship and Eschatology in the Book of Ezekiel (Eugene, OR: Cascade, 2013).

By the River Chebar: Historical, Literary, and Theological Studies in the Book of Ezekiel (Eugene, OR: Cascade, 2013).

The Gods of the Nations: Studies in Ancient Near Eastern National Theology. Second Edition. ETS Monograph (Eugene, OR: Cascade, 2013; first edition, Baker, 1988).

Ezequiel. Vol. 1, Capitulos 1 A 24. Commentários do Antigo Testamento. Trans. Marcelo Tollentino and Valter Graciano Martins. São Paulo: Editora Cultura Cristā, 2012.

Ezequiel. Vol. 2, Capitulos 25 A 48. Commentários do Antigo Testamento. Trans. Déborah Agria Melo da Silva and Sulvia Oliveira Nocetti. São Paulo: Editora Cultura Cristā, 2012.

Ezekiel’s Hope: A Commentary on Ezekiel 38–48. Jacob Milgrom and Daniel Block in Conversation (Eugene, OR: Cascade, 2012).

Deuteronomy. NIV Application Commentary (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2012).

The Gospel According to Moses: Theological and Ethical Reflections on the Book of Deuteronomy (Eugene, OR: Cascade, 2012).

How I Love Your Torah O LORD! Studies in the Book of Deuteronomy (Eugene, OR: Cascade, 2012).

“Judges.” In Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary. John H. Walton, ed. (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2009). Volume 2, pages 94–241.

Judges, Ruth. New American Commentary 6 (Nashville: Broadman and Holman, 1999).

The Book of Ezekiel Chapters 1–24. New International Commentary on the Old Testament (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1997).

The Book of Ezekiel Chapters 25–48. New International Commentary on the Old Testament (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1998).

EDITED BOOKS

Write That They May Read: Studies in Literacy and Textualization in the ancient Near East and in the Hebrew Scriptures. Essays in Honour of Professor Alan R. Millard (Eugene, OR: Pickwick, 2020).

Sepher Torath Mosheh: Studies in the Composition and Interpretation of Deuteronomy. Edited R. L. Schultz (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2017).

Bind Up the Testimony: Explorations in the Genesis of the Book of Isaiah. Edited with R. L. Schultz (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2015).

Keeping God’s Earth: The Global Environment in Biblical Perspective. Edited with N. J. Toly (Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 2010).

Israel: Ancient Kingdom or Late Invention (Nashville: Broadman & Holman, 2008).

The New Living Translation. Revised Edition. Wheaton: Tyndale House Publishers, 2004. Senior Translator with primary responsibility for the Pentateuch.

 

SELECTED ARTICLES IN EDITED VOLUMES

“Wrestling with God: A Study on Prayer in Deuteronomy.” Pages 23–50 in Speaking with God: Probing Old Testament Prayers for Contemporary Significance. Edited by P. G. Camp and E. A. Phillips. Eugene, OR: Pickwick, 2021.

“In the Tradition of Moses: The Conceptual and Stylistic Imprint of Deuteronomy on the Patriarchal Narratives. Pages 133–58 in Exploring the Composition of the Pentateuch. Edited by L. S. Baker, Jr., K. Bergland, F. A. Mosatti, and A. R. Wells. BBR Supplements 27. University Park: Eisenbrauns, PA, 2020. Also published pages 225–39 in The Triumph of Grace.

“For Whose Eyes: The Divine Origin and Function of the Two Tablets of the Israelite Covenant.” Pages 100–26 in Write That They May Read (2020).

“Deuteronomy 17:14–20: The Foundations of Messianic Kingship.” Pages 309–23 in The Moody Handbook of Messianic Prophecy: Studies and Expositions of the Messiah in the Old Testament. Edited by M. Rydelnik and E. Blum. Chicago: Moody, 2019.

“Ezekiel 17:22–24: Ezekiel’s Tender Sprig and the Messiah.” Pages 1063–71 in The Moody Handbook of Messianic Prophecy.

“Ezekiel 34:20–31: The Shepherd of Israel.” Pages 1083–96 in The Moody Handbook of Messianic Prophecy.

“The First Principle of Wisdom in Deuteronomy: The Fear of YHWH as Allegiance to YHWH Alone.” Pages 150–64 in Interpreting the Old Testament Theologically: Essays in Honor of Willem A. VanGemeren. Edited by A. T. Abernethy. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2018.

“A Prophet Like Moses? Who or Why?” Pages 19–38 in Distinctions with a Difference: Essays on Myth, History, and Scripture in Honor of John N. Oswalt. Edited by B. T. Arnold and L. G. Stone. Wilmore, KY: First Fruits Press, 2017.

“Hearing Galatians with Moses: An Examination of Paul as a Second and Seconding Moses.” Pages 338–74 in Sepher Torath Mosheh (2017). Republished pages 375–404 in The Triumph of Grace (2017).

“The Patricentric Vision of Family Order in Deuteronomy.” Pages 11–29 in Marriage, Family, and Relationships: Biblical, Doctrinal, and Contemporary Perspectives.” Edited by T. A. Noble, S. K. Whittle, and P. S. Johnston. London: Apollos, 2017; also published 225–39 in The Triumph of Grace.

“Animals.” Pages 56–57 in Evangelical Dictionary of Theology. 3rd ed. Edited by D. J. Treier and W. A. Elwell. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2017.

The Doctrine of the Future and Moses: ‘All Israel Will Be Saved.’” Pages 107–34 in Eschatology: Biblical, Historical, and Practical Approaches. Edited by D. J. Bingham and G. R. Kreider. Grand Rapids: Kregel, 2016. Republished pages 312–34 in The Triumph of Grace.

“How Can We Bless YHWH? Wrestling with Divine Violence in Deuteronomy.” Pages 39–50 in Wrestling with the Violence of God: Soundings in the Old Testament. Edited by M. D. Carroll R., and J. B. Wilgus. BBRSup 10. Winona Lake: 2015. Republished pages 264–82 in The Triumph of Grace.

“‘The Meeting Places of God in the Land’: Another Look at the Towns of the Levites.” Pages 93–121 in Current Issues in Priestly and Related Literature: The Legacy of Jacob Milgrom and Beyond. Edited by R. Gane and A. Taggar-Cohen. Resources for Biblical Study 82. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature. Republished pages 177–97 in The Triumph of Grace.

“Deuteronomic Law.” Pages 182–95 in The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Bible and Law. Edited by B. Strawn. 2 vols. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015. Republished pages 89–104 in The Triumph of Grace.

“The God Ezekiel Wants Us to Meet.” Pages 162–92 in The God Ezekiel Creates. Edited by P. Joyce and D. Rom-Shiloni. Library of the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament Series. New York: Continuum, 2015. Republished pages 89–104 in By the River Chebar.

“Binding Up the Testimony: Concluding Reflections on the Origins of the Book of Isaiah.” Pages 293–304 in Bind Up the Testimony.

“‘In Spirit and in Truth’: The Mosaic Vision of Worship.” Pages 1–25 in Rediscovering Worship: Past, Present, and Future, ed. W. J. Porter. Eugene, OR: Pickwick. Previously published pages 272–99 in The Gospel according to Moses.

Eden: A Temple? A Reassessment of the Biblical Evidence.” Pages 3–32 in From Creation to New Creation: Biblical Theology and Exegesis. Essays in honor of G. K. Beale. Edited by D. M. Gurtner and B. L. Gladd. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 2013.

“The Decalogue in the Hebrew Scriptures.” Pages 1–28 in Reading the Decalogue through the Centuries. Edited by J. Greenman. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2012.

“Who do Commentators say ‘the Lord’ is? The Scandalous Rock of Romans 10:13.” Pages 173–92 in On the Writing of New Testament Commentaries: Festschrift for Grant R. Osborne on the Occasion of his 70th Birthday. Edited by S. E. Porter and E. J. Schnabel. Texts and Editions of New Testament Study 8. Leiden: Brill, 2012.

“Worship.” Pages 867–78 in Dictionary of the Old Testament: Prophets. Edited by M. J. Boda and J. G. McConville. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 2012.

“The View from the Top: The Holy Spirit in the Prophets.” Pages 175–207 in Presence, Power and Promise: The Role of the Holy Spirit in the Old Testament. Edited by D. G. Firth and P. D. Wegner. Nottingham: Apollos, 2011.

“Preaching Ezekiel.” Pages 157–78 in Reclaiming the Old Testament for Christian Preaching. Edited by G. J. R. Kent and P. J. Kissling. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 2010.

“Toward an Evangelical Response to Environmental Challenges.” With N. J. Toly pages 11–22 in Keeping God’s Earth.

“To Serve and to Keep: Toward a Biblical Understanding of Humanity’s Responsibility in the Face of the Biodiversity Crisis.” Pages 116–42 in Keeping God’s Earth.

“Leader, Leadership, OT.” Pages 621–26 in vol. 3 of The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible. Edited by K. D. Sakenfeld Nashville: Abingdon, 2008.

“Ruth 1: Book of.” Pages 672–87 in Dictionary of the Old Testament: Wisdom, Poetry & Writings. Edited by T. Longman III and P. Enns. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 2008.

“Transformation of Royal Ideology in the Book of Ezekiel.” Pages 208–46 in Transforming Visions: Transformations of Text, Tradition, and Theology in Ezekiel. Princeton Theological Monograph Series. Edited by M. Lyons and W. Tooman. Eugene, OR: Pickwick, 2010. Republished pages 10–44 in Beyond the River Chebar.

“All Creatures Great and Small: Recovering a Deuteronomic Theology of Animals.” Pages 283–305 in The Old Testament in the Life of God’s People: Essays in Honor of Elmer A. Martens. Edited by J. Isaak. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 2009. Republished 174–99 in The Gospel according to Moses.

“What has Delphi to do with Samaria? Ambiguity and Delusion in Israelite Prophecy.” Pages 189–216 in Writing and Ancient Near Eastern Society: Papers in Honour of Alan R. Millard. Edited by P. Bienkowski, C. Mee, and E. Slater. New York/London: T&T Clark, 2005.

“God.” Pages 336–55 in Dictionary of the Old Testament Historical Books. Edited by B. T. Arnold and H. G. M. Williamson. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2005.

“Deuteronomy, Book of.” Pages 165–73 in Dictionary for Theological Interpretation of the Bible. Ed. K. J. Vanhoozer. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2005. Republished as “Deuteronomy,” pages 67–82 in Theological Interpretation of the Old Testament: A Book-by-Book Survey. K. J. Vanhoozer, ed. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2008.

“Other Religions in Old Testament Theology.” Pages 43–78 in Biblical Faith and Other Religions: An Evangelical Assessment. Edited by D. W. Baker. Grand Rapids: Kregel, 2004. Republished pages 200–36 in The Gospel according to Moses.

“The Old Testament on Hell?” Pages 43–65 in Hell Under Fire. Edited by C. W. Morgan and R. A. Peterson. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2004.

“In Search of Theological Meaning: Ezekiel Scholarship at the Turn of the Millennium.” Pages 227–39 in Ezekiel’s Hierarchical World: Wrestling with a Tiered Reality. Edited by S. L. Cook and C. L. Patton. SBL Symposium Series 31. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature.

“Marriage and Family in Ancient Israel.” Pages 33–103 in Marriage and Family in the Biblical World. Edited by K. Campbell. Downers Grove: InterVarsity, 2003.

“My Servant David: Ancient Israel’s Vision of the Messiah.” Pages 17–56 in Israel’s Messiah in the Bible and the Dead Sea Scrolls. Edited by R. S. Hess and M. D. Carroll R. Grand Rapids: Baker, 2003.

“Tell Me the Old Old Story: Preaching from Old Testament Narrative.” Pages 409–38 in Giving the Sense: Understanding and Using Old Testament Historical Texts: Essays in Honor of Eugene Merrill. Edited by D. M. Howard and M. A. Grisanti. Grand Rapids: Kregel, 2003.

“Divine Abandonment: Ezekiel’s Adaptation of an Ancient Near Eastern Motif.” Pages 15–42 in Perspectives on Ezekiel: Theology and Anthropology. SBL Symposium Series 9. Edited by M. S. Odell and J. T. Strong. Atlanta: Scholars Press, 2000. Republished pages 73–99 in By the River Chebar.

“Gog and Magog in Ezekiel’s Eschatological Vision.” Pages 85–116 in ”The Reader Must Understand”: Eschatology in Bible and Theology. Edited by K. Brower and M. Elliott. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 1997. Republished pages 95–125 in Beyond the River Chebar.

“The Theology of Ezekiel”; “Spirit, Spirit of God”; “Nations, Nationality.” S.v. in New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology and Exegesis. 5 vols. Edited by W. Van Gemeren. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1997.

“Bringing Back David: Ezekiel’s Messianic Hope.” Pages 167–88 in The Lord’s Anointed: Interpretation of Old Testament Messianic Texts. Edited by P. E. Satterthwaite, R. S. Hess, and G. J. Wenham. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1995. Republished pages 74–94 in Beyond the River Chebar.

“The Period of the Judges: Religious Disintegration Under Tribal Rule.” Pages 39–58 in Israel’s Apostasy and Restoration: Essays in Honor of Roland K. Harrison. Edited by A. Gileadi Grand Rapids: Baker, 1988.

“Table of Nations.” Pages 707–13 in vol. 4 of International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (revised). Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1988.

“New Year”; “The Nations, Nationality”; “People”; “People of Eden”; “Sojourner, Alien, Stranger.” S.v., in vol. 3 of International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (revised). Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1986.

 

SELECTED ARTICLES IN PERIODICALS

“Christotelic Preaching: A Plea for Hermeneutical Integrity and Missional Passion.” Southern Baptist Journal of Theology 22/3 (2018): 7–34.

“A Lizard in the King’s Palace: A Sermon on Proverbs 20:24–28.” Journal for Baptist Theology and Ministry 13/2 (2016): 80–88.

“‘That They May All Fear Me’: Interpreting and Preaching Hebrew Wisdom.” Journal for Baptist Theology and Ministry 13/2 (2016): 68–79.

“‘A Place for My Name’: Horeb and Zion in the Mosaic Vision of Israelite Worship.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 58 (2015): 221–47. Republished pages 126–51 in The Triumph of Grace.

“What do these stones mean? The Riddle of Deuteronomy 27.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 56 (2013): 17–41. Republished pages 153–76 in The Triumph of Grace.

“‘That They May Hear’: Biblical Foundations for the Oral Reading of Scripture in Worship.” Journal for Spiritual Formation & Soul Care 5 (2012): 5-23. Republished pages 19–34 in The Triumph of Grace.

The Tender Cedar Sprig: Ezekiel on Jehoiachin.” Hebrew Bible and Ancient Israel 1 (2012): 173–202. Republished pages 45–73 in Beyond the River Chebar.

“Preaching Old Testament Law to New Testament Christians.” Southeastern Theological Review 3/2 (2012): 195–221. Originally published in three parts in Ministry 78/5 (2006): 5–11; 78/7 (2006): 12–16; 78/9 (2006): 15–18; also accessible at Hiphil (Scandinavian Evangelical E-Journal) 3: 1–24. Republished pages 104–36 in The Gospel according to Moses.

“Preaching Old Testament Apocalyptic to a New Testament Church.” Calvin Theological Journal 41 (2006): 17–52.

“The Joy of Worship: The Mosaic Invitation to the Presence of God (Deut. 12:1–14).” Bibliotheca Sacra 162 (2005): 131–49. Republished pages 98–117 in How I Love Your Torah O Lord!

“The Grace of Torah: The Mosaic Prescription for Life (Deut. 4:1–8; 6:20–25).” Bibliotheca Sacra 162 (2005): 3–22. Republished pages 1–20 in How I Love Your Torah O Lord!

“How Many Is God? An Investigation into the Meaning of Deuteronomy 6:4–5.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 47 (2004): 193–212. Republished pages 73–97 in How I Love Your Torah O Lord!

“Why Deborah’s Different.” Bible Review. 17/3 (June 2002): 34–40, 49–52.

“Handel’s Messiah: Biblical and Theological Perspectives.” Didaskalia 12 (2001): 1–23.

“Training Scribes and Pastors in the Tradition of Ezra.” The Southern Seminary Magazine (The TIE) 67/2 (1999): 3–6.

“Unspeakable Crimes: The Abuse of Women in the Book of Judges.” The Southern Baptist Theological Journal 2 (1998): 46–55.

“Empowered by the Spirit of God: The Holy Spirit in the Historiographic Writings of the Old Testament.” The Southern Baptist Theological Journal 1 (1997): 42–61.

“Will the Real Gideon Please Stand Up? Narrative Style and Intention in Judges 6-9.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 40 (1997): 353–66.

“Reviving God’s Covenant: Reflections on Malachi 2:1–9.” Reformation and Revival Journal 3 (1995): 121–36.

“Beyond the Grave: Ezekiel’s Vision of Death and Afterlife.” Bulletin for Biblical Research 2 (1993): 13–41. Reprinted pages 169–98 in By the River Chebar.

Chasing a Phantom: The Search for the Historical Marduk.” Archaeology in the Biblical World 2 (1992): 20–43. Reprinted pages 108–40 in By the River Chebar.

“Gog in Prophetic Tradition: A New Look at Ezekiel XXXVIII 17.” Vetus Testamentum 42 (1992): 154–72. Reprinted pages 126–43 in Beyond the River Chebar.

“Ezekiel’s Boiling Cauldron: A Form Critical Solution to Ezekiel XXIV 1–14.” Vetus Testamentum 41 (1991): 12–37. Reprinted pages 227–52.

“Echo Narrative Technique: The Rhetorical Use of Genesis 19:1–11 in Judges 9:22-26.” Westminster Theological Journal 52 (1990): 325–36.

“The Prophet of the Spirit: The Use of rwḥ in the Book of Ezekiel.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 32 (1988): 27–50. Reprinted pages 141–68 in By the River Chebar.

“Text and Emotion: A Study in the ‘Corruptions’ in the Text of Ezekiel’s Inaugural Vision.” Catholic Biblical Quarterly 50 (1988): 1–25. Reprinted pages 199–222 in By the River Chebar.

“Gog and the Pouring Out of the Spirit: Reflections on Ezekiel 39:21–29.”Vetus Testamentum 37 (1997): 257–70. Reprinted pages 144–57 in Beyond the River Chebar.

Nine Bible Studies in Judges, published in The Mennonite Brethren Herald, republished in the Baptist General Conference periodical, The Standard, October 1986–June 1987.

“Israel’s House: Reflections on the Use of byt yśrʾl in the Old Testament in the Light of Its Ancient Near Eastern Environment.” Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 28 (1985): 257–75.

“The Role of Language in Ancient Perceptions of National Identity.” Journal of Biblical Literature 103 (1984): 321–40.

“‘Israel’ - ‘Sons of Israel’: A Study in Hebrew Eponymic Usage.” Studies in Religion/Sciences Religieuses 13 (1984): 301–26.

Bny ʿmwn: The Sons of Ammon.” Andrews University Seminary Studies 22 (1984): 197–212.