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ADA Definitions

A “disability” is

  • a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities
  • a record of such an impairment
  • being regarded as having such an impairment. ADAAA expanded major life activities to include “major bodily functions"

"Major life activities" include, but are not limited to, caring for oneself, performing manual tasks, seeing, hearing, eating, sleeping, walking, standing, lifting, bending, speaking, breathing, learning, reading, concentrating, thinking, communicating, and working.

"Major Bodily Functions" include, but are not limited to, functions of the immune system, normal cell growth, digestive, bowel, bladder, neurological, brain, respiratory, circulatory, endocrine, and reproductive functions.

An individual is “substantially limited” when he/she is unable to perform a major life activity that the average person in the general population can perform or when he/she is significantly restricted as to the condition, manner or duration under which he/she can perform a particular major life activity as compared to the average person in the general population.

An “otherwise qualified student with a disability” is a student with a disability who, with or without reasonable accommodations, meets the essential eligibility requirements for receiving services or participating in programs or activities.

A “reasonable accommodation” is a reasonable modification or adjustment to a class or program, or the provision of auxiliary aids/services that allows a student with a disability equal opportunity to participate in Wheaton College programs and activities.