The Wheaton Center for Early Christian Studies
Armerding Professor of Biblical Studies
On Faculty since 2004
Office: BGC 547
Ph.D. Hebrew Union College
M.Phil. Hebrew Union College
M.A. Trinity Evangelical Divinity School
B.A. Wheaton College
- HEBR 301: Elementary Hebrew
- HEBR 302: Elementary Hebrew II
- HEBR 401x: Intermediate Hebrew
- BITH 635: Hebrew Exegesis
- BITH 558: Biblical and Targumic Aramaic
- BITH 695: Introduction to Syriac
- BITH 211: OT Literature and Interpretation
- BITH 349: Reading Scripture with the Church Fathers
- BITH 332: Ruth and Esther
- BITH 341: Exodus
- BITH 349: Judges
- BITH 349: Daniel
- BITH 433: Jeremiah
- BITH 449/536: Minor Prophets
- BITH 431/541: Old Testament Criticism
- CORE 101: First Year Seminar: How Best Can We Help the Poor?
- RELI 362: Judaism
- RELI 270: Religions of the World
Membership in Professional Societies
- Society of Biblical Literature
- National Association of Professors of Hebrew
- North American Patristics Society
- International Qur'anic Studies Association
- Jerome, the ancient versions, and Old Testament interpretation
- Patristic Biblical interpretation
- Rabbinic Biblical interpretation
- Ancient Christian exegesis and the classical tradition
- The Bible and the Qur'an
- Old Testament Textual Criticism
Early Biblical Interpretation. Ad Fontes: Early Christian Sources (Minneapolis: Fortress Press, forthcoming 2017).
The Inspiration and Interpretation of Scripture: What the Early Church Can Teach Us. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2014.
Jerome: Commentary on Jeremiah, translated with an introduction and notes by Michael Graves. Ancient Christian Texts; ed., Christopher A. Hall. Downers Grove, IL: IVP, 2012.
Jerome’s Hebrew Philology. Leiden: Brill, 2007.
"Form Criticism or a Rolling Corpus: The Methodology of John Wansbrough through the Lens of Biblical Studies," Journal of the International Qur'anic Studies Association (forthcoming 2017).
"Glimpses into the History of the Hebrew Bible Through the Vulgate Tradition, With Special Reference to Vulgate MS θG," in The Text of the Hebrew Bible and Its Editions, ed. A. P. Otero and P. T. Morales, with A. Lange and J. Trebolle (Leiden: Brill, 2017), 217-254.
"Classic Rabbinic Perspectives," in The T&T Clark Companion to the Doctrine of Sin, ed. K. L. Johnson and D. Lauber (London: T&T Clark, 2016), 129-147.
“The Composition of Isaiah in Jewish Tradition,” in The Genesis of the Book of Isaiah, ed. D. I. Block and R. Schultz (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson, 2015).
"The Story of The Latin Bible and Questions About Biblical Translation for the Church Today," Trinity Journal 35 NS (2014): 253-273.
“The Enduring Word of the Lord in Deuteronomy and Jeremiah 36,” in For Our Good Always: Studies on the Message and Influence of Deuteronomy in Honor of Daniel I. Block, ed. J. S. DeRouchie, J. Gile, and K. J. Turner (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2013), 269-286.
“Midrash-Like Word Plays in Aquila’s Translation of Genesis,” in Greek Scripture and the Rabbis: Studies from the European Association of Jewish Studies Seminar, 2010, ed. T. M. Law and A. G. Salvesen. Leuven: Peeters, 2012, 65-86.
“‘Apocryphal’ Elements in the New Testament and Qur’an,” Journal of Ecumenical Studies 47 (2012), 152-166.
“The Biblical Scholarship of a Fourth-Century Woman: Marcella of Rome,” Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses 87 (2011): 375-91.
“Scholar and Advocate: The Stories of Moses in Midrash Exodus Rabbah,” Bulletin of Biblical Research 21 (2011), 1-22.
“Evangelicals, the Bible, and the Early Church,” in Evangelicals and the Early Church, ed. G. Kalantzis and A. Tooley (Eugene, OR: Cascade, 2011), 191-209.
“The Literary Quality of Scripture as Seen by the Early Church,” Tyndale Bulletin 61 (2010): 161-82.
"The 'Pagan' Background of Patristic Exegetical Methods," in Ancient Faith for the Church's Future, ed. Jeffrey P. Greenman and Mark Husbands (Downers Grove, IL: IVP, 2008), 93-109.
"The Public Reading of Scripture in Early Judaism," Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society 50 (2007): 467-87.
"'Judaizing' Christian Interpretations of the Prophets as Seen by Saint Jerome," Vigiliae Christianae 61 (2007): 142-56.
"The Origins of Ketiv-Qere Readings," Textual Criticism 8 (2003)
Area Editor for the Latin Vulgate, Textual History of the Bible, Volume 1A-C, ed. A. Lange and E. Tov (Leiden: Brill, 2016-2017).
“The Latin Vulgate," Textual History of the Bible Vol 1A, ed. A. Lange and E. Tov (Leiden: Brill, 2016), 278-289.
“Latter Prophets, Vulgate,” Textual History of the Bible Vol 1B, ed. A. Lange and E. Tov (Leiden: Brill, 2016), 645-652.
“Daniel, Vulgate” and “Latin Church Fathers,” Textual History of the Bible Vol 1C, ed. A. Lange and E. Tov (Leiden: Brill, forthcoming 2017).
“Languages of Palestine,” Dictionary of Jesus and the Gospels, 2nd ed., ed. J. B. Green, J. K. Brown, and N. Perrin (Downers Grove: IVP, 2013), 484-92.
"Hellenization" and "Philo," Evangelical Dictionary of Theology, 3rd ed., ed. D. Treier and W. Elwell (Grand Rapids: Baker, forthcoming).
Review of Érasme, Vie de saint Jérôme, ed. André Godin and Alexandre Vanautgaerden (Turnhout: Brepols, 2013), in Erasmus Studies 36 (2016), 67-70.
Review of The Life of Saint Helia: Critical Edition, Translation, Introduction, and Commentary, ed.Virginia Burrus and Marco Conti (New York: Oxford University Press, 2014), in the Journal of Early Christian Studies 23 (2015), 489-90.
Review of Communicating the Word: Revelation, Translation, and Interpretation in Christianity and Islam, ed. David Marshall (Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press, 2011), in Comparative Islamic Studies 8 (2012), 224-26.
Review of Jeremiah: A Commentary based on Ieremias in Codex Vaticanus by Georg A. Walser (Ledien: Brill, 2012), in Review of Biblical Literature [http://www.bookreviews.org] (2013).
Review of A Liturgy of Grief: A Pastoral Commentary on Lamentations by Leslie C. Allen (Grand Rapids: Baker, 2011), in Expository Times 124 (2012), 153.
Review of Jerome of Stridon, ed. A. Cain and J. Lössl (Farnham and Burlington: Ashgate, 2009), in Journal of Late Antiquity 3 (2010), 386-89.
“Stylistic Criteria in Nöldeke's Chronology of Qur'anic Material in the Context of 19th Century Biblical Studies,” Annual Meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature, 2015.
“Jerome's Epistle 106: Text-Critical and Exegetical Studies in the Psalter,” Annual Meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature, 2015.
“Glimpses into the History of the Hebrew Bible Through the Vulgate Tradition,” Fifth Centennial of the Complutensian Polyglot Bible: Editing the Hebrew Bible in the Variety of its Texts and Versions, Madrid, Spain, November 4, 2014.
“Kernel Texts and Prophetic Logia: Biblical and Quranic Scholarship in Dialogue,” Annual Meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature, 2013.
"The Early Church Fathers of North Africa," Visiting Scholar Lecture, Africa International University, Nairobi, Kenya, March 7, 2012.
“The Prophet Jeremiah in Qur’anic Exegesis,” Annual Meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature, 2011.
“Jewish Traditions in the Commentaries of Jerome,” Seminar on Jewish History and Literature in the Graeco-Roman Period, Oriental Institute, Oxford, March 8, 2011.
“‘Apocryphal’ Elements in the Qur’an and the New Testament as Portrayed in Muslim and Christian Scholarship,” Annual Meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature, 2010.
“Midrash-Like Word Plays in Aquila’s Translation of Genesis,” European Seminar on Advanced Jewish Studies, Greek Scripture and the Rabbis Conference, June 2010.
“The Role of the Greek Revisers in the Latin Fathers,” Trinity Term ESAJS Workshop, Oxford Center for Hebrew and Jewish Studies, 2010.
“The Bible, Evangelicals, and the Early Church,” Wheaton Center for Early Christian Studies, Spring Gathering, 2010.
"The Biblical Interpretation of Marcella of Rome As an Expression of her Rigorous Piety," Annual Meeting of the North American Patristics Society, 2009.
"A Roman in Greek Palestine: Jerome and the Development of Near Eastern Studies," Wheaton College 51st Annual Archaeology Lecture Series, 2006.
"Literary Appreciation in Jerome's Reading of the Old Testament," Annual Meeting of the North American Patristics Society, 2006.
"Judaizing Christian Interpretations of the Prophets as Seen by St. Jerome," Annual Meeting of the SBL, 2004.
"St. Jerome's Knowledge of Hebrew," Annual Meeting of the North American Patristics Society, 2004.
"Digression and Redaction in the Homiletical Midrashim: Pesikta deRav Kahana Chapter Five," Conference of the Cincinnati Consortium of Ancient Studies, 2003.
"The Origins of Ketiv-Qere Readings: Evaluating the Evidence," Southeast Regional SBL, 2003.
Honors and Grants
Senior Teaching Award, Wheaton College, 2016.
Fellow of the European Seminar on Advanced Jewish Studies at the Oxford Center for Hebrew and Jewish Studies, and member of the sub-faculty of the Oriental Institute of Oxford University, Trinity term, 2010.
Junior Faculty Achievement Award, Wheaton College, 2008.