The project, begun in 1995, was directed by Margaret Lambers Bendroth and Virginia Lieson Brereton. It was based at Andover Newton Theological School and funded by The Pew Charitable Trusts. The Institute for the Study of American Evangelicals served as the publication and logistical arm of the Project. A concluding three-day conference was held in 1998 at the University of Chicago's Gleacher Center and sixteen selected scholars presented their papers in five moderated panel sessions.
Women and 20th-Century Protestantism by Virginia Brereton and Margaret Bendroth was published from this project.