George Kalantzis, Ph.D.

Associate Professor of Theology; Director, The Wheaton Center for Early Christian Studies
On Faculty since 2007

Office: BGC 516
Phone: (630)752-5819
Email:

Education

Ph.D., Northwestern University, 1997

M.T.S., Garrett-Evangelical Theological Seminary, 1994

M.A.B.S., Moody Graduate School, 1993

M.S., Northeastern Illinois University, 1993

B.S., University of Illinois - Chicago, 1990

About George Kalantzis

On a leisurely walk by the river Ilisus, just outside the walls of the ancient city, Socrates responds to his persistent interlocutor, "You know, Phaedrus, writing shares a strange feature with painting. The offsprings of painting stand there as if they were alive, but if anyone asks them anything, they remain most solemnly silent. The same is true of written words" (Phaedrus 275d).

I was born and raised by the shadow of the Acropolis, a stone's throw away from the bank of the Ilisus river where Socrates took the young Phaedrus for that famous walk; and though the sounds and smells of the megalopolis have for generations replaced the bucolic descriptions of Plato, the ancient sentiments remain the same: writing and, even more, reading, is a tricky business! Especially as one engages sacred Scripture and the history and theology of the Church. This, most rewarding of endeavors, demands attention, perseverance, and a curious and open mind, to really engage the multifaceted vision of the Painter, the author of the beauty that confronts us.

My research and writing interests focus on this dynamic relationship between the written documents and their interpretation in early Christianity. I pay particular attention to the development of Christological and Trinitarian thought, as well as the interplay of classical Greco-Roman and early Christian philosophical understandings of anthropology and biblical hermeneutics. Whether I study history or theology, first I seek to study the subject within its own historical, theological, and socio-political context so that I may understand it on its own terms; only then do I attempt to interpret it diachronically and explore its impact on theology and the church today.

For the past ten years I have had the opportunity to teach seminary and doctoral students as they were preparing to engage the world and the Church. Together we were challenged to allow ourselves to become agents of change in a world in desperate need of God; to learn how to be, in Stanley Hauerwas' words, "a community of character." My wife, Irene, and I share this goal and vision with our local congregation where we serve in missions, the worship arts programs, and in adult and children’s education.

The Wheaton Center for Early Christian Studies

Courses Taught

  • Historical Theology: The Ancient & Medieval Church
  • Christology and Trinity in the Early Church
  • Christian Thought
  • Theological Politics
  • Gospel, Church, and Culture

Topics Courses:

  • Color & Gender in the Early Church
  • Christianity and Culture in the Early Church (C.E. 100-565)
  • Reading through the Fathers (De Genesis)
  • Origen's De Principiis
  • Origen: Theology & Exegesis
  • Augustine
  • Augustine: City of God
  • The First Christian Histories: Eusebius to Theodoret
  • Anthropology & Hermeneutics in the Early Church

Membership in Professional Societies

  • North American Patristics Society (NAPS)
  • Association Internationale des Études Patristiques (AIEP) (voted into membership February 2002)
  • American Society of Church History (ASCH)
  • Evangelical Theological Society (ETS)
  • Fellowship of European Evangelical Theologians (FEET)
  • American Philological Association (APA)
  • Society of Biblical Research (SBL)

Research

  • The development of early Christian (patristic) theology, especially the doctrines of the Trinity and Christology
  • Alexandrian Theology and Hermeneutics (esp. Origen, Athanasius, Cyril of Alexandria)
  • Antiochene Theology and Hermeneutics (esp. Theodore of Mopsuestia, Nestorius, Theodoret of Cyrus)
  • The Cappadocian Fathers
  • Augustinian theology
  • Patristic exegesis and historiography
  • The relationship between Christianity and classical culture and the emergence of Christendom

Publications

Books

Kalantzis, George and Gregory W. Lee, eds. Christian Political Witness.  Downers Grove:  InterVarsity Press, 2014.

Kalantzis, George. Caesar and the Lamb: Early Christian Attitudes on War and Military Service. Eugene: Cascade Books, 2012.

Kalantzis, George and Andrew Tooley, eds. Evangelicals and the Early Church: Recovery • Reform • Renewal. Eugene: Cascade Books, 2011.

Greenman, Jeffrey P. and George Kalantzis, eds. Life in the Spirit: Spiritual Formation in Theological Perspective. Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2010.

Kalantzis, George and Thomas F. Martin (†), eds. Studies on Patristic Texts and Archaeology: If These Stones Could Speak...Essays in Honor of Dennis Edward Groh. Lewiston: The Edwin Mellen Press, 2009.

Kalantzis, George and D. Stephen Long, eds., The Sovereignty of God Debate. Eugene: Cascade Books, 2008.

Kalantzis, George. Theodore of Mopsuestia: Commentary on the Gospel of John. Early Christian Studies 7. Strathfield: St. Paul’s Publications, 2004 (Robert C. Hill, volume editor).

Essays & Articles

“The Reception of Augustine in the Orthodox East.” Frontiers of Philosophy in China. Part of the special volume on Augustine (Spring 2014).

“A Witness to the Nations: Early Christianity and Narratives of Power,” in Kalantzis, George and Gregory W. Lee, eds. Christian Political Witness (Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2014) 90-111.

“Introduction,” in Kalantzis, George and Gregory W. Lee, eds., Christian Political Witness (Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2014) 9-16.

“Who Is God?” in Gary Burge and David Lauber, eds., Theology Questions Our Students Ask (Downers Grove, IL: IVP Academic, 2014) 44-60.

“Creatio ex Terrae: Immortality and the Fall in Theodore, Chrysostom, and Theodoret.” Studia Patristica 67, vol. XV (Leuven: Peeters, 2013), 403-413.

Three entries in Treier, Daniel J., and Walter A. Elwell, eds., Evangelical Dictionary of Theology. Revised edition. (Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, submitted July 2013):
a. “Antiochene Theology,”
b. “Divine Energies,”
c. “Theodore of Mopsuestia”

Epiphanius of Salamis, Fragments from Panarion on Melchizedek. In Erik M. Heen and Philip D. W. Krey, eds., Hebrews, Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture, New Testament 10, in ACCS complete digital version, Downers Grove, Ill: InterVarsity Press, 2013.

Cyril of Alexandria, Commentary on Isaiah. In Mark W. Elliott, ed., Isaiah 40-66, Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture, Old Testament 11, in ACCS complete digital version, Downers Grove, Ill: InterVarsity Press, 2013.

“‘The Voice so Dear to Me’: Themes From Romans in Theodore, Chrysostom, and Theodoret,” in Daniel M. Patte and Vasil Mihoc, eds., Greek Patristic and Eastern Orthodox Interpretations of Romans. Romans Through History and Cultures Series. Vol. 9 (In Press, New York and London: T & T Clark/Continuum, 2012) 83-102.

“The Radical•ness of the Evangelical Faith” in Kalantzis, George and Andrew Tooley (eds.), Evangelicals and the Early Church: Recovery • Reform • Renewal (Eugene: Cascade Books, 2011) 242-252.

“Introduction,” in Kalantzis, George and Andrew Tooley (eds.), Evangelicals and the Early Church: Recovery • Reform • Renewal (Eugene: Cascade Books, 2011) 1-12.

“Whose Story is it Anyway? A Response to Warren Smith’s ‘Ambrose, Paul, and the Conversion of the Jews,’” in Ex Auditu 25 (2010) 199-202.

“Scripture in Eastern Orthodoxy: Canon, Tradition, and Interpretation,” in Michael. F. Bird and Michael Pahl, The Sacred Text: Artefact, Interpretation, and Doctrinal Formulation (Piscataway: Gorgias Press, 2010) 163-177.

“From the Porch to the Cross: Ancient Christian Approaches to Spiritual Formation,” in Jeffrey P. Greenman and George Kalantzis, eds. Life in the Spirit: Spiritual Formation in Theological Perspective (Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2010) 63-81.

“Single Subjectivity and the Prosopic Union in Cyril of Alexandria and Theodore of Mopsuestia,” in Studia Patristica 15 (Leuven: Peeters, 2010) 44-49.

“Introduction,” in George Kalantzis and Thomas F. Martin, eds. Studies on Patristic Texts and Archaeology: If These Stones Could Speak...Essays in Honor of Dennis Edward Groh. (Lewiston, NY: The Edwin Mellen Press, 2009) 1-5.

“Crumbs From the Table: Lazarus, the Eucharist, and the Banquet of the Poor in the Homilies of St. John Chrysostom,” in Mark Husbands and Greenman, Jeffrey P., eds. Ancient Faith for the Church’s Future (Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 2008) 56-168.

“The Sovereignty of God and Divine Transcendence: Two Views from the Early Church,” in Kalantzis, G., and D. Stephen Long, The Sovereignty of God Debate. (Eugene:Cascade Books, 2008) 27-41.

“George Kalantzis’s Response” to Process and Open Theology, in Kalantzis, G., and D. Stephen Long, The Sovereignty of God Debate. (Eugene: Cascade Books, 2008) 190-193.

“Is There Room for Two? Cyril’s Single Subjectivity and the Prosopic Union.” St. Vladimir’s Theological Quarterly 52, no. 1 (2008) 95-110.

“Theodore of Mopsuestia’s Commentarius in Evangelium Iohannis Apostoli: Text and Transmission.” Augustinianum 43, no. 2 (2003) 473 - 493.

“Duo filii and the homo assumptus in the Christology of Theodore of Mopsuestia: The Greek fragments of the Commentary on John.” Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses 78 (2002) 57-78.

“Ephesus: A Roman, Jewish, and Christian Metropolis in the First and Second Centuries C.E.” Jian Dao: A Journal of Bible & Theology 7 (1997): 103-119.

Sample Publications for the Church

Multiple articles in Kairos Journal on such topics as:

  • Origen of Alexandria, Contra Celsum;
  • Gregory of Nazianzus, Carmina;
  • Ambrose of Milan, On the Duties of the Clergy;
  • John Chrysostom, Homilies on Genesis;
  • Cyprian of Carthage, De Ecclesiae Catholicae Unitate and Ad Theodosium;
  • Clement of Alexandria, Stromateis;
  • Theophilus of Antioch, Ad Autolycum.

“Muddy Feet at the Table.” Lead Article in Homily Service: An Ecumenical Resource for Sharing the Word, 40, no. 4 (April 2007).

“Welcoming the Word: Questions on the Texts for the Day—Palm/Passion Sunday, Maundy Thursday/Good Friday, Easter Vigil/Morning.” Homily Service: An Ecumenical Resource for Sharing the Word, 40, no. 4 (April 2007).

“Totus Tuus Ego Sum: At the Grip of the Unsayable.” Aware (Summer 2005).

“Πλατωνισμός & Ελληνική Φιλοσοφία: Οι Αποστολικοί Πατέρες – Μετά τους Αποστόλους” Ελεύθερο Βήμα 38 (2004, in Greek).

“Πλατωνισμός & Ελληνική Φιλοσοφία.” Ελεύθερο Βήμα 37 (2003, in Greek).

“Χριστιανισμός και Ιουδαϊσμός στην Έφεσο Κατά τον Πρώτο και Δεύτερο μ.Χ. Αιώνα.” Ελεύθερο Βήμα 36 (2003, in Greek).

Select Lectures and Presentations to the Academy

The Reception of Augustine in the Orthodox East.” Invited keynote lecture at the Zhejiang Workshop in Research on Augustine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China. 15-16 November 2013. 

"There Will (Not) Be Blood: Early Christian Attitudes Towards War and Military Service.” 2012-2013 Dean’s Lecture Series at Emory University, Candler School of Theology. Sept 19, 2012. 

“Evangelicals and the Early Church.” By invitation of the Candler Evangelical Society at Emory University, Candler School of Theology. Sept 18, 2012. 

Mentoring Doctoral Students. Led the Dissertation Chair’s Workshop. Andrews University, The School of Graduate Studies and Research, April 17, 2012.

“Universalism and Evangelical Theology” (by invitation) a panel discussion. Annual meeting of the Evangelical Theological Society (ETS), San Francisco, Nov. 2011.

Creatio ex Terrae: Immortality and the Fall in Theodore, Chrysostom, and Theodoret.” at the 16th International Conference of Patristic Studies, Oxford, England, August 2011.

Did God Plant a Garden in the Manner of a Farmer?  Divine/Human Relationship in Origen” (by invitation of the Christian Theology and the Bible Group) a panel on Patristic Readings of Genesis 1-3. Annual meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature (SBL). Atlanta, GA, Nov. 2010.

Co-convened with J. Patout Burns and chaired the session on “The Reception of Paul’s Letter to the Romans” at the 2010 General Meeting of the North American Patristic Society (May 2010).

Convened and chaired the 2010 Spring Gatehring of The Wheaton Center for Early Christian Studies, Evangelicals and the Early Church: Recovery • Reform • Renewal (18–19 March 2010).

“Shall the Twain Ever Meet?” (by invitation) a panel presentation on Teaching Eastern Orthodoxy in the Academy. Annual meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature (SBL). New Orleans, Nov. 2009.

Convened the Inaugural lecture of The Wheaton Center for Early Christian Studies, given by Robert Louis Wilken, "Going Deeper into the Bible: The Church Fathers as Interpreters” (October 29, 2009).

“Whose Story is it Anyway? Response to Warren Smith’s ‘Ambrose, Paul, and the conversion of the Jews,’” at the North Park Symposium on the Theological Interpretation of Scripture, September 24-26, 2009.

Convened and chaired the session on “Texts and Context: Reading Material and Textual Cultures” at the 2009 General Meeting of the North American Patristic Society (May 2009).

Presented the paper titled, Spirituality and the Mimetic Impulse: Porch, Desert, and Other Unlikely Destinations in the Late Antique Search for the Spirit, during the 18th Annual Wheaton Theology Conference, Life in the Spirit: Spiritual Formation in Theological Perspective (April 2009).

Co-Convened with Jeffrey P. Greenman the 18th Annual Wheaton Theology Conference, Life in the Spirit: Spiritual Formation in Theological Perspective (18–21 April 2009).

Invited lecture, “The Doctrine of the Trinity.” University of Chicago Faculty Speaker Series, February 2009.

“‘The Voice so Dear to Me’: The Epistle to the Romans in the Antiochene Tradition,” (by invitation) a panel presentation on the reception of Romans in the Greek East. Annual meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature (SBL)-Romans Through History and Cultures session. Boston, Nov. 2008.

Led the session Antiochene Interpretation of Scripture at the 15th International Conference of Patristic Studies, Oxford, England (6-11 August 2007).

“Single Subjectivity and the Prosopic Union in Cyril of Alexandria and Theodore of Mopsuestia” at the 15th International Conference of Patristic Studies, Oxford, England (6-11 August 2007)

“Crumbs From the Table: Lazarus, the Eucharist, and the Banquet of the Poor in the Homilies of St. John Chrysostom” at the 2007 Wheaton Ancient Faith for the Church’s Future Conference (12 April 2007).

“The Body/Soul Analogy and the Communicatio Idiomatum in Theodore and Cyril” at the 2006 General Meeting of the North American Patristic Society (25 May 2006).

Chaired the session “The Antiochene Tradition II” at the 2006 General Meeting of the North American Patristic Society (25 May 2006).

Chaired the session on “Cyril of Alexandria” at the 2006 General Meeting of the North American Patristic Society (26 May 2006).

Chaired the special session on “The Making of Clerical Authority” at the 2006 General Meeting of the North American Patristic Society (26 May 2006).

“And the Word Became What!? The Hypostatic Union and the Logic of the Incarnation.” Garrett-Evangelical Theological Seminary (26 April 2006).

“Is There Room for Two? Cyril’s Single-Subjectivity and the Prosopic Union.” The Catholic University of America (16 March 2006).

If the Dead do not Rise…: Memory and the Heroic in Greek and Christian Martyrology.” Garrett-Evangelical Theological Seminary (5 November 2003).

Participant in the workshop on Antiochene Exegesis at the 14th International Patristic Conference, 18-23 August 2003, Oxford, England.

“Theodore of Mopsuestia’s Commentarius in Evangelium Ioannis Apostoli: Text and Transmission” at the 2001 General Meeting of the North American Patristic Society (NAPS).

Chaired the special session “Nicene and non-Nicene Theology of the Fourth Century” at the 2001 General Meeting of the North American Patristic Society (NAPS).

Duo Filii and the homo assumptus: The Christology of Theodore of Mopsuestia and his Commentary on John” at the 2000 General Meeting of the North American Patristic Society (NAPS).

Scripture and Christology in the Greek Fathers and the Significance for Today.” Trinity Evangelical Divinity School Forum on Theology, sponsored by The Department of Systematic Theology (November, 1999).

A Comparison of the Architectural Elements of the Fifth and Sixth Century Byzantine Churches in the Negev and Constantinople” as part of the Special Archaeology Session titled: “The Negev: A Byzantine Christian Region” at the 1996 General Meeting of the North American Patristic Society (NAPS).

Works in Process (Submitted & in Preparation)

Early Christian Attitudes on War and Military Service: A Sourcebook. (under contract; Eugene: Cascade Books, 2010).

Crumbs From the Table: The Eucharist for the Life of the Church. (manuscript in process).

A Brief History of Rome. (A survey of the history of Rome from its foundation to the reign of Marcus Aurelius designed especially for seminary students; manuscript in process).

Kalantzis, G, and L.E. Phillips, Epitome Book VIII of the Constitutum Apostolorum: Text, Translation, Commentary (in preparation for submission to the series Writings From the Greco-Roman World, SBL/Brill Academic Publishing).

BOOKS UNDER CONTRACT   (Submitted & in Preparation) 
 
Kalantzis, George. Crumbs From the Table: The Eucharist for the Life of the Church. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans. (Submission due 2013). 

Kalantzis, George, and L. Edward Phillips, Epitome Book VIII of the Constitutum Apostolorum: Text, Translation, Commentary. In Writings From the Greco-Roman World, SBL/Brill Academic Publishing (Submission due 2016). 

Kalantzis, George. With God on Our Side: The Transformation of Christian Attitudes to War and Military Service in the Fourth and Fifth Centuries. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans. (Submission due 2016). 

Kalantzis, George. Of God and Men: Christian Attitudes to War and Military Service in the Middle Ages. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans. (Submission due 2018).

Service as an Outside Reviewer

Peer Reviewer for the Irish Research Council for the Humanities and Social Sciences (IRCHSS).

Served as a manuscript peer reviewer for:

The Journal of Early Christian Studies
Studia Patristica
Catholic University of America Press
Westminster John Knox Press
The Patristic Monograph Series (Catholic University of America Press)
InterVarsity Press
Baker Academic

Sample of Lectures and Presentations to the Church

New Life, New Constitution: Jesus and the Kingdom of God. Libertyville Evangelical Free Church, IL.

The Idolatry of Freedom: Rom 1:18-25. Ridgewood Baptist Church, WI.

A three-week series on Mark Labberton’s, The Dangerous Act of Worship: God’s Call to Justice, at the Fair Oaks Presbyterian Church, IL and at the Libertyville Evangelical Free Church, IL.

Gone Fishing! New Life in John 21. Ridgewood Baptist Church, WI (2 November 2008).

"Being a Christian in the Campaign Season” – A roundtable discussion with Wheaton Professors, Wheaton College.

Panel Discussion on Evangelicalism and Eastern Orthodoxy, sponsored by ACT3 and the First Presbyterian Church of Glenn Elyn (September 28, 2008; panel: Fr. Patrick Henry Reardon, Bradley Nassif, Grant R. Osborn, George Kalantzis).

A three-week series on Heresies and How to Avoid Them: Why it Matters What Christians Believe at the Fair Oaks Presbyterian Church, IL.

An eight-week series on How Should We Then Live? at the Libertyville Evangelical Free Church, as part of continuing lay education.

A four week series titled The Life and Message of Dietrich Bonhoeffer at the Fair Oaks Presbyterian Church, IL.

Presented a lecture on De-Coding the Da Vinci Code at the First Presbyterian Church, Evanston, IL.

Presented a lecture on Denominationalism and the Enlightenment at The Graduate Christian Fellowship at Northwestern University.

Presented a lecture on Modern Evangelicalism at The Community Church of Wilmette.

Presented a lecture on Eastern Orthodoxy at The Community Church of Wilmette.

Taught an eight-week series on Discipleship at the Libertyville Evangelical Free Church, as part of continuing lay education.

Taught an eight-week series on The Sermon on the Mount at the Libertyville Evangelical Free Church, as part of continuing lay education.

An Open Lecture titled, “What are the Dangers of National Religion and Politic?” at the University Chapel Hour, Illinois Wesleyan University.

Taught a ten-week series at the Adult Bible Fellowship, on Grammar of Christian Faith: A Systematic Theology course, at the Evangelical Free Church of Libertyville, as part of continuing lay education.

Presented a lecture on St. John Chrysostom: Pastor, Bishop, Theologian, as part of the forum St. John Chrysostom at St. John Chrysostom’s Episcopal Church, Chicago, IL.

Presented a lecture on Golden-Mouth: The Life and Times of John Chrysostom, as part of the series More than a Mosaic: St. John Chrysostom at St. John Chrysostom’s Episcopal Church, Chicago, IL.

Taught the course The Person of Christ at the Faith Passage, the three-week residential summer academy program for Methodist youth held each year at Garrett-Evangelical Theological Seminary.

Taught a six-week series during the Adult Bible School series, on Turning Points in the History of the Church (C.E 800 - 1700) at the Libertyville Evangelical Free Church, as part of continuing lay education.

Taught a six-week series during the Adult Bible School series, on Turning Points in the History of the Church (C.E 100 - 1000) at the Libertyville Evangelical Free Church, as part of continuing lay education.

Taught an eight-week series at the Adult Bible Fellowship, on Christology at the Evangelical Free Church of Libertyville, as part of continuing lay education.

Taught at the First United Methodist Church, Evanston, Illinois, along with two other colleagues, a ten-week series on The Suffering Messiah: Christological Perspectives from the New Testament, Early Church, and Modern Theology as part of continuing lay education.

Presented a lecture on Christology: Then and Now, at the First Presbyterian Church in Evanston, Illinois.

An Open Lecture titled, The Upside Kingdom, at the University Chapel Hour, Illinois Wesleyan University

Media Appearances

Panelist with Joyce E. Salisbury on Extension 720 with Milt Rosenberg, a WGN Radio 720 production, discussing Martyrdom Then and Now (aired 12 July 2004)

Panelist with John Petrakis on Different Drummers, a production of Greater Chicago Broadcast Ministries, discussing The Passion of the Christ, by Mel Gibson (aired by CBS, 27 March 2004)

Media Center